Philippine Coins Improved Flora and Fauna Series

Five Peso Coin (1991)

Obverse: Emilio Aguinaldo and year mark
Reverse: Pterocarpus indicus

Shape: Round
Edge: Reeded
Diameter: 25.5 mm
Composition: Nickel brass
There was no 5 peso coin in the previous flora & fauna series. When the Bangko Sentral issued the improved series, they introduced this 5 peso coin to replace the 5 peso bill. The peso was diminishing in value due to inflation. The 5 peso banknote changed hands more frequently and got worn out easily. To save on the costs of printing new banknotes to replace those worn out, the Bangko Sentral turned to minting 5 peso coins which last a lot longer compared to paper money.

This is the same reason why the Bangko Sentral replaced the 10 peso bills with coins.
Twenty-Five Centavo Coin (1991)

Obverse: Juan Luna, "Republika ng Pilipinas", year mark
Reverse: Graphium idaeoides, 25 Sentimo

Shape: round
Edge: reeded
Diameter: 16.0 mm

Compared to its counterpart in the Flora and Fauna Series, this coin has a smaller size but the same design.

Fifty Centavo Coin (1994)
Improved Flora and Fauna Series

Obverse: Marcelo H. del Pilar, "Republika ng Pilipinas", year mark
Reverse: Pithecophaga jefferyi (Philippine Eagle/Monkey-eating Eagle)

Shape: round
Edge: reeded
Diameter: 17.5 mm

This coin has a yellow color in contrast to its counterpart in the Flora and Fauna Series which is silver. It is also smaller in size.


One Peso Coin (1991)

Obverse: Jose Rizal, "Republika ng Pilipinas", year mark
Reverse: Anoa mindorensis (tamaraw)

Shape: round
Edge: plainDiameter: 21.6 mm
Weight: 4 grams
Composition: stainless steel

Aside from its smaller size, this coin is pretty much the same with its counterpart in the Flora and Fauna Series.


Two Peso Coin (1992)

Obverse: Andres Bonifacio, "Republika ng Pilipinas", year mark
Reverse: Cocos nucifera
Shape: round
Edge: reeded
Diameter: 24.0 mm
Weight: 5 grams
Composition: stainless steel

This coin has assumed a round shape and a smaller size compared to its counterpart in the Flora and Fauna Series which was larger and a decagon.
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